Epigenetics refers to covalent modifications of DNA and core histones that regulate gene activity without altering DNA sequence. To date, the best-characterized DNA modification associated with the modulation of gene activity is methylation of cytosine residues within CpG dinucleotides.
Human disorders associated with epigenetic abnormalities include rare imprinting diseases, molar pregnancies, and childhood cancers. Germ cell development and early embryo development are critical times when epigenetic patterns are initiated or maintained. It is a type of epigenetic condition, heritable change occurs in Germ cell development and early embryo development.