Received: 30-Oct-2023, Manuscript No. IPIC-23-18478; Editor assigned: 01-Nov-2023, Pre QC No. IPIC-23-18478 (PQ); Reviewed: 15-Nov-2023, QC No. IPIC-23-18478; Revised: 20-Nov-2023, Manuscript No. IPIC-23-18478 (R); Published: 27-Nov-2023, DOI: 10.21767/2471-8184.108.40.206
Recognizing the symptoms of angina is crucial, as prompt medical attention can be lifesaving. The hallmark symptom of angina is chest pain or discomfort, but it can also manifest in other ways. Typically described as a pressure, squeezing, burning, or tightness in the chest. The pain may radiate to the arms, neck, jaw, shoulder, or back. Angina may be accompanied by breathlessness, especially during physical activity. Many people with angina experience extreme tiredness or weakness. Some individuals may feel nauseated or vomit during an angina episode. Profuse sweating, sometimes described as "clammy," can occur during an angina attack. Some individuals may feel lightheaded or dizzy during angina episodes. It is important to note that not everyone experiences all of these symptoms, and the severity of angina can vary [1,2]. If you or someone you know is experiencing symptoms of angina, seeking medical attention is crucial to determine the cause and appropriate treatment.
To diagnose angina and its underlying cause, healthcare providers use a combination of medical history, physical examination, and diagnostic tests. The healthcare provider will ask about symptoms, risk factors, family history, and lifestyle to assess the likelihood of angina. A physical examination can help identify signs of heart problems, such as abnormal heart sounds or murmurs. Electrocardiogram (ECG or EK) records the electrical activity of the heart and can show signs of reduced blood flow or damage to the heart muscle. Stress tests, which may involve treadmill exercise or medication to simulate exercise, can reveal abnormalities in the heart's function during exertion. Blood tests can provide information about cholesterol levels, blood sugar, and markers of cardiac damage (e.g., troponin) following an angina episode. Invasive procedures like coronary angiography use contrast dye and X-rays to visualize the coronary arteries and identify blockages. Non-invasive imaging tests such as echocardiography, Computed Tomography (CT) angiography, and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) can help evaluate heart structure and function. The prognosis for individuals with angina varies based on the type, severity, and management of the condition. With appropriate treatment and lifestyle changes, many people can lead full and active lives. Prolonged or severe angina can lead to a heart attack, which can result in heart muscle damage and long-term complications. Repeated episodes of angina can weaken the heart muscle over time, leading to heart failure. Angina may cause irregular heart rhythms (arrhythmias), which can be life-threatening [3,4].
Preventing angina and related heart conditions is crucial for maintaining heart health. Periodic health check-ups can help identify risk factors and take preventive actions. Adopting a heart-healthy lifestyle, including a balanced diet, regular exercise, and stress management, can reduce the risk of angina and CAD. If prescribed medication for risk factors like high blood pressure or high cholesterol, it is important to take them as directed. Quitting smoking is one of the most effective steps in preventing angina and heart disease. Managing stress through relaxation techniques and mindfulness can reduce the risk of angina. The management of angina aims to relieve symptoms, improve quality of life, and reduce the risk of heart complications. The treatment approach may include lifestyle changes, medications, or interventional procedures, depending on the type and severity of angina.
The author’s declared that they have no conflict of interest.
Citation: Mario M (2023) The Impact of Angina on Quality of Life. Interv Cardiol J. 9:102.
Copyright: © 2023 Mario M. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.