Interventional Cardiology Journal Open Access

  • ISSN: 2471-8157
  • Journal h-index: 5
  • Journal CiteScore: 0.33
  • Journal Impact Factor: 0.26
  • Average acceptance to publication time (5-7 days)
  • Average article processing time (30-45 days) Less than 5 volumes 30 days
    8 - 9 volumes 40 days
    10 and more volumes 45 days
Reach us +32 25889658

Editorial - (2020) Volume 6, Issue 2

Procedures and Advantages in Interventional Cardiology

Anusha Polampelli*

Department of Pharmacy, St. Peters Institute of Pharmacy, Warangal, India

Corresponding Author:
Anusha Polampelli
Master of Pharmacy
St. Peters Institute of Pharmacy
Warangal, India
Tel: +91 7386325335

Received Date: July 23, 2020; Accepted Date: July 28, 2020; Published Date: August 03, 2020

Citation: Polampelli A (2020) Procedures and Advantages in Interventional Cardiology. Interv Cardiol J Vol.6 No.3:96. doi:10.36648/2471-8157.6.2.96

Copyright: © 2020 Polampelli A. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Visit for more related articles at Interventional Cardiology Journal


Interventional radiologists; Cannulation; Catheters; Cardiovascular diseases

Interventional cardiology is a branch of cardiology that agreements specifically with the catheter-based treatment of structural heart diseases. Andreas Gruentzig is judged as the father of interventional cardiology later the development of angioplasty by interventional radiologist Charles Dotter.

Interventional cardiology thoroughly correlated with the cardiologists, development and research techniques were operated by diagnostic and Interventional radiologists. Many procedures can be performed on heart by catherization. This most universally involves the insertion of a sheath into the femoral artery (but, in practice, any large peripheral artery or vein) and cannulating the heart beneath X-ray visualization (most commonly fluoroscopy). The radial artery may also be managed for cannulation; this tactic offers several advantages; Interventional cardiologist treats cardiovascular diseases by inserting catheters into an artery. Cardiologist will diagnose and treat heart diseases.

Angioplasty is the primary procedure for Interventional cardiology, it helps in the extraction of clots from occluded coronary arteries and deployment of stents and balloons through a small hole made in a major artery (Pin hole surgery).

Procedures include Angioplasty, Percutaneous coronary intervention, Valvuloplasty.


Angioplasty is an intervention to dilate either arteries or veins.

Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI/Coronary angioplasty)

3D Medical Animation still shot of Percutaneous coronary intervention the use of angioplasty for the treatment of obstruction of coronary arteries because of coronary artery disease. A deflated balloon catheter is sophisticated into the obstructed artery and inflated to relieve the narrowing; certain devices such as coronary stents can be deployed to keep the blood vessel open. Various other procedures can also be staged at the same time. After a heart attack, it can be restricted to the culprit vessel (the one whose obstruction or thrombosis is suspected of causing the event) or complete revascularization; complete revascularization is more efficacious in terms of major adverse cardiac events and all-cause mortality.

Ischemic heart disease is also used in people after other forms of myocardial infarction or unstable angina where there is a elevated risk of further events. The use of PCI in addition to antiangina medication unhinged angina may reduce the number of patients with angina attacks for up to 3 years following the therapy, but it does not diminish the probability of death, future myocardial infarction, or need for other interventions.


It is the dilation of confined cardiac valves (usually mitral, aortic, or pulmonary).

Congenital heart defect correction

Percutaneous methodologies can be utilized to correct atrial septal and ventricular septal defects, closure of a patent ductus arteriosus, and angioplasty of the great vessels.

Percutaneous valve replacement

An alternative to open heart surgery, percutaneous valve replacement is the substitution of a heart valve using percutaneous methods. This is achieved on the aortic valve (percutaneous aortic valve replacement/TAVI procedure), pulmonary valve and recently the mitral valve

Percutaneous valve repair

A substitute to open heart surgery, percutaneous valve repair is staged on the mitral valve using the MONARC system or MitraClip system

Coronary thrombectomy

Coronary thrombectomy entails the ejection of a thrombus (blood clot) from the coronary arteries