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Commentary - (2021) Volume 7, Issue 8

Percutaneous Closure Procedure, Preparation and Its Treatment Patients with Atrial Septal Defect Sources

Abidan Cohen*

Department of Cardiac Electrophysiology, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel

Corresponding author: Abidan Cohen
Department of Cardiac Electrophysiology
Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Jerusalem, Israel

Citation: Cohen A (2021) Percutaneous Closure Procedure, Preparation and Its Treatment Patients with Atrial Septal Defect Sources. Interv Cardiol J Vol.7 No.8:143 doi: 10.36648/2471-8157.7.8.143

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The present look at investigated the feasibility of completely transthoracic echocardiography-guided percutaneous tool occlusion of atrial septal defects (ASDs) without the use of x-ray gadget. Between September and December 2014, we finished definitely transthoracic echocardiography-guided percutaneous device occlusion for 20 sufferers with secundum ASD without the use of x-ray device. We performed percutaneous femoral vein puncture, used a specialized delivery sheath throughout operation, and closed the ASD with the aid of releasing an occluder.

All 20 patients skilled a success occlusion and smoothly went via the perioperative period. The common procedure time ranged from 30 to 50 mins (32.4 ± 3.5 mins), and the dimensions of the implanted occluder ranged from 20 to 38 mm (25.4± five.8 mm) [1]. No occlude displacements, residual fistula, or thrombusrelated complications after the technique. There was no scientific loss of life, no arrhythmia, no haemolysis, any contamination, or embolism all through patients’ hospitalization and the observe-up length. Totally transthoracic echocardiographyguided percutaneous device occlusion of ASDs without using x-ray equipment may be secure and possible. Transcatheter closure of the ASD is presently available for secundum sort of ASDs, and presently, there are FDA-approved devices within the United States for the closure of ASD. This activity evaluations the technique of ASD closure, indicators, and contraindications and highlights inter professional crew's role in managing patients with congenital coronary heart defects.

The heart incorporates four chambers; the 2 upper chambers are referred to as the atria, and the two decrease chambers are referred to as the ventricles. The inter-atrial septum divides the atrium into the right and the left atria. Similarly, a septum separates the ventricles into the proper and left and is known as the inter-ventricular septum. Embryologically the inter-atrial septum is derived from the septum top rate and the septum secundum. The septum top class arises from the roof of the atrium and develops in the direction of the endocardia cushions protecting the ostium top rate [2]. This is followed by means of degeneration of the septum top rate in the direction of the roof of the atria creating the ostium secundum. Next, the septum secundum arises from the atrial roof at the proper atrial facet and grows caudally to cowl the ostium secundum. Percutaneous closure of atrial septal defects (ASDs) must probably reduce proper coronary heart volumes by means of disposing of left-toright shunting. Due to ventricular interdependence, this can be related to impaired left ventricular filling and doubtlessly function. Furthermore, atrial modifications publish-ASD closures have been poorly understood and may be essential for understanding threat of atrial arrhythmia put up-ASD closure. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) is a correct and reproducible imaging modality for the evaluation of cardiac characteristic and volumes. We assessed cardiac volumes pre- and post-percutaneous ASD closure the use of CMR.

Atrial septal defects (ASDs) are the maximum commonplace congenital cardiac malformation first identified in adults and account for approximately 10% of all congenital heart lesions. Patients with a substantial shunt revel in symptoms over time with effort dyspnoea seen in about 30% of patients by the third decade and in over seventy five% of sufferers by using the fifth decade. The herbal path of untreated atrial septal defects often leads to shortened lifestyles expectancy as compared to healthful subjects [3]. Longstanding right heart, pulmonary arterial and venous volume overload and dilatation in the putting of an ASD can also result in the development of proper coronary heart failure, arrhythmia, thromboembolic events, and pulmonary vascular obstructive sickness. In adults with an ASD and continual right atrial extent overload, there may be lengthytime period arrhythmias which do now not seem to be affected by closure of the illness. In sufferer’s elderly more than forty years with atrial septal defects closed surgically, 60% of these patients broaden atrial arrhythmias overdue after surgical treatment. This may be contributed by using persistent proper atrial stretch which reasons electrophysiological changes that persist beyond ASD closure.

All ASDs had been closed with the Amplatzer Septal occluder (AGA Medical Corporation). Procedures were done under fashionable anaesthesia with transoesophageal echocardiographic steerage and fluoroscopy. A sizing balloon turned into utilised to decide the stretched diameter of the ASD before choice and deployment of ASO device, as previously described. In quick, a Meditech balloon (Boston Scientific, Watertown, MA) sized 20 or 27 mm on this series is used. This balloon is inflated within the left atrium and firm non-stop strain implemented to pull it into the atrial septum, the use of TOE steering. The diameter at which the balloon simply gets via the atrial septal disorder is the stretched balloon diameter (SBD).


  1. 1. Hoffman JI, Kaplan S (2002) The incidence of congenital heart disease. J Am Coll Cardiol 39(12): 1890-900.
  2. 2. Naqvi N, McCarthy KP, Ho SY (2018) Anatomy of the atrial septum and interatrial communications. J Thorac Dis 24: S2837-S2847.
  3. 3. Webb G, Gatzoulis MA (2006) Atrial septal defects in the adult: recent progress and overview. Circulation 114(15): 1645-53.