American Journal of Drug Delivery and Therapeutics Open Access

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Perspective - (2023) Volume 10, Issue 2

Immunotherapy: Unlocking the Power of the Immune System to Fight Cancer
Philo Carpenter*
Department of Pharmaceutical, University College London, United Kingdom
*Correspondence: Philo Carpenter, Department of Pharmaceutical, University College London, United Kingdom, Email:

Received: 31-May-2023, Manuscript No. ipadt-23-17118; Editor assigned: 02-Jun-2023, Pre QC No. ipadt-23-17118 (PQ); Reviewed: 16-Jun-2023, QC No. ipadt-23-17118; Revised: 21-Jun-2023, Manuscript No. ipadt-23-17118 (R); Published: 28-Jun-2023, DOI: 10.35841/2349-7211-10.017


Immunotherapy, a groundbreaking and revolutionary approach in cancer treatment, has revolutionized the landscape of oncology by harnessing the inherent power of the human immune system to combat cancer cells. Unlike traditional treatment methods such as surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy, which primarily focus on attacking cancer cells directly, immunotherapy works by stimulating and enhancing the body’s own natural defense mechanisms to recognize, target, and destroy cancer cells more effectively. The fundamental principle behind immunotherapy lies in the recognition that cancer cells have evolved intricate mechanisms to evade detection by the immune system, allowing them to proliferate unchecked. By exploiting these weaknesses, immunotherapy aims to activate the immune response to recognize and eliminate cancer cells as if they were foreign invaders, effectively leveraging the body’s in-built defense system to combat the disease. One of the most well-known and successful forms of immunotherapy is immune checkpoint inhibitors.


These inhibitors target specific molecules on the surface of immune cells, known as checkpoints, which play a crucial role in regulating immune responses. Cancer cells often co-opt these checkpoints to evade immune surveillance. By using checkpoint inhibitors, these molecular pathways can be blocked, reactivating the immune system’s ability to recognize and attack cancer cells. Drugs like pembrolizumab and nivolumab have shown remarkable efficacy in treating various cancers, including melanoma, lung cancer, and bladder cancer, leading to significant improvements in patient outcomes and survival rates. Another promising avenue in immunotherapy is adoptive cell transfer (ACT), which involves engineering the patient’s own immune cells outside the body to specifically target cancer cells. One notable form of ACT is chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy, where T-cells, a type of white blood cell, are genetically modified to express CARs on their surface. These CARs enable the T-cells to recognize and bind to specific antigens present on the cancer cells, leading to their destruction. CAR T-cell therapy has achieved remarkable success in treating certain types of blood cancers, like leukemia and lymphoma, offering new hope to patients with previously untreatable conditions. Furthermore, cancer vaccines represent another promising frontier in immunotherapy. These vaccines work by training the immune system to recognize specific cancer-associated antigens, thereby eliciting a targeted immune response against the cancer cells expressing those antigens. While preventive cancer vaccines are still under development, therapeutic cancer vaccines, like Sipuleucel-T for prostate cancer, have shown significant potential in stimulating anti-tumor responses and improving patients’ overall survival.


This precision medicine approach holds the potential to revolutionize cancer care by tailoring treatments to each patient’s specific needs, optimizing therapeutic outcomes, and minimizing adverse effects. In conclusion, immunotherapy stands as a remarkable advancement in the fight against cancer, representing a shift towards more targeted and less toxic treatment options. Its ability to harness the immune system’s power to recognize and eliminate cancer cells offers hope for patients with previously untreatable diseases. As research and development in the field continue to expand, immunotherapy holds the promise of reshaping the future of oncology, fostering a world where cancer is no longer an insurmountable foe, but a conquerable challenge through the strength of our own immune defences.

Citation: Carpenter P (2023) Immunotherapy: Unlocking the Power of the Immune System to Fight Cancer. Am J Drug Deliv Ther. 10:017.

Copyright: © 2023 Carpenter P. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.