American Journal of Drug Delivery and Therapeutics Open Access

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Short Communication - (2023) Volume 10, Issue 1

A Comprehensive Overview of Psychoactive Drug Treatment: Breaking Free from the Chains
Finn Stoneman*
Department of Pharmaceutics, Kibabii University, Kenya
*Correspondence: Finn Stoneman, Department of Pharmaceutics, Kibabii University, Kenya, Email:

Received: 02-Jan-2023, Manuscript No. IPADT-23-16698; Editor assigned: 04-Jan-2023, Pre QC No. IPADT-23-16698 (PQ); Reviewed: 18-Jan-2023, QC No. IPADT-23-16698; Revised: 23-Jan-2023, Manuscript No. IPADT-23-16698 (R); Published: 30-Jan-2023, DOI: 10.35841/2349-7211.23.10.10


Psychoactive drugs, also known as psychotropic substances, have the potential to alter an individual’s mood, cognition, perception, and behaviour. These substances, which include stimulants, depressants, hallucinogens, and opioids, can be both legal and illegal. While some individuals may use psychoactive drugs recreationally without facing severe consequences, others may develop a dependency or addiction, leading to adverse physical, psychological, and social effects. In this article, we will explore the treatment options available for individuals struggling with psychoactive drug abuse and addiction, highlighting the importance of comprehensive and individualized approaches to recovery. Before delving into the treatment approaches, it is crucial to understand the nature of psychoactive drug abuse and addiction. Substance abuse occurs when a person uses a drug in a manner that deviates from its intended purpose, leading to negative consequences.


Addiction, on the other hand, is a chronic disease characterized by compulsive drug seeking and use, despite the harmful consequences. The first step in psychoactive drug treatment is often detoxification, which involves clearing the body of the drug while managing withdrawal symptoms. Depending on the substance and the severity of the addiction, detoxification may take place in an inpatient or outpatient setting. Medical supervision and support are crucial during this phase to ensure the safety and comfort of the individual. Medication-assisted treatment combines medications with counselling and behavioural therapies to address substance abuse disorders. MAT is particularly effective for opioid and alcohol addictions. Medications like methadone, buprenorphine, and naltrexone help to reduce cravings, alleviate withdrawal symptoms, and block the effects of the drugs, increasing the chances of successful recovery Behavioural therapies play a central role in psychoactive drug treatment, helping individuals understand their motivations, triggers, and patterns of drug abuse. These therapies can be delivered in individual, group, or family settings, and aim to modify behaviours and develop coping mechanisms. Cognitive- Behavioural Therapy (CBT), Motivational Interviewing (MI), and Contingency Management (CM) are commonly used approaches that have shown significant efficacy in treating substance abuse disorders. Addressing psychoactive drug addiction often requires a holistic approach, encompassing various supportive services. These services include vocational training, education programs, housing assistance, and support groups. By addressing the individual’s social, occupational, and economic needs, supportive services enhance the chances of sustained recovery and reintegration into society. Substance abuse disorders are frequently accompanied by co-occurring mental health conditions such as anxiety, depression, or post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Dual diagnosis treatment recognizes the interconnectedness of these conditions and provides integrated care that simultaneously addresses substance abuse and mental health. It may involve a combination of medication, psychotherapy, and support groups to achieve comprehensive recovery. In recent years, there has been an increased focus on holistic and alternative therapies as complementary treatment approaches for psychoactive drug addiction. These therapies include yoga, meditation, acupuncture, art therapy, and equine-assisted therapy. While the evidence for their effectiveness is still emerging, many individuals find these therapies helpful in managing stress, improving emotional well-being, and promoting self-reflection. Despite the availability of various treatment approaches, psychoactive drug addiction treatment faces several challenges. Limited access to quality treatment facilities, stigma surrounding addiction, and high relapse rates present significant barriers to recovery [1-4].


Additionally, the emergence of novel psychoactive substances and the ever-evolving drug market pose new challenges for healthcare professionals and policymakers. To address these challenges, it is imperative to continue research and develop evidence-based treatment strategies. Strengthening community- based programs, expanding access to treatment facilities, and integrating addiction treatment into primary healthcare systems are crucial steps. Furthermore, addressing the underlying social determinants of drug addiction, such as poverty and trauma, is essential for effective and sustainable recovery. Psychoactive drug abuse and addiction can have devastating consequences on individuals, families, and communities.



Conflict Of Interest

The author’s declared that they have no conflict of interest.


Citation: Stoneman F (2023) A Comprehensive Overview of Psychoactive Drug Treatment: Breaking Free from the Chains. Am J Drug Deliv Ther. 10:10.

Copyright: © 2023 Stoneman F. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.