Aims: A discussion of a newly developed need-centered care and management model for Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia (BPSD) and its practice protocol.
Background: A simple and memorable care and management model for BPSD is needed to guide careproviders especially those working in long-term care facilities.
Design: The model named “WANT” model is the abbreviation of Watch-Assess-Need intervention-Think. Watch- to pay attention to the frequency and status of behaviors of resident with dementia; Assess- to assess relevant background and proximal factors for such behaviors and deduce the needs behind; Need interventionto implement care measures according to residents’ needs; Think- to reflect on and share mutual experiences with peers. The expert validity of final version of the WANT model reached .99.
Data sources: The development of the WANT model was through three phases: Literature review, content formulation and expert panel evaluation.
Implications for nursing: Care-providers may integrate the model with daily care process. An education and training protocol based on the WANT model can be widely applied to staff working in long-term care facilities worldwide.
Conclusion: This model can be easily remembered by careproviders and trigger care-providers’ reflection on the causes behind the problems behaviors.
Published Date: 2022-01-24; Received Date: 2022-01-03