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The Challenges for Screening and Diagnosing Gestational Diabetes Mellitus in Brazil: A Cross-sectional Study in a Low-risk Obstetric Hospital

Bruna Marcolino Paes Maria, Debora Giovanna Fernandes Vivaldo, Thais Sales Izidoro, Ana Paula Costa De Freitas, Luiz Takano, Talita Domingues Caldeirao and Carlos Izaias Sartorao Filho*

Background: Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) is a very prevalent disease and can cause several morbidities for women and their offspring. The literature demonstrates the necessity for a better approach during prenatal assistance to detect and treat the disease. We aimed to evaluate the model and efficacy of GDM screening and diagnosis in a referenced low-risk obstetrical center of the municipality of Assis, Sao Paulo state, Brazil. Moreover, the specific objective was to evaluate the prevalence of GDM.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective cross-sectional study of pregnant women, in which 257 prenatal cards and the clinical approaches used for GDM diagnosis and their results. We observed the consecutive patients admitted to the low-risk referenced obstetrical service of the "Santa Casa de Assis-SP" for childbirth from January to August 2021.

Results: There were 257 pregnant women, 227 prenatal cards obtained. Of these, 24.6% of the cards were considered incomplete, 25 (9.72%) did not contain the initial fasting plasma glucose information, and 93 (36.18%) did not describe this information in the second to the third trimester. The prevalence of GDM in the population was 14.78%.

Conclusion: We observed many pregnant women not screened according to the recommended guidelines and many prenatal cards with incomplete information. According to the screening and diagnosis guidelines, GDM prevalence was underestimated. The lack of prenatal card information and inadequacy of screening and diagnoses were observed in this population.

Published Date: 2022-02-01; Received Date: 2022-01-13