European Journal of Experimental Biology Open Access

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Pharmacognostical studies on the leaves of Ziziphus nummularia(Burm. F.)

Sushil Kumar, Vipin Kumar Garg, Nitin Kumar, Pramod Kumar Sharma, Sudhir Chaudhary and Anshu Upadhyay

Ziziphus nummularia (Burm. f.), a member of the family Rhamnaceae, commonly known as Jharber, is used traditionally in treatment of mental retardation, preventing frequent attacks of influenza, colds, treating dysentery, diarrhoea and colic. It is also used in ulcers, fevers, wound healing, pharyngitis, bronchitis, burns, anaemia, irritability, hysteria and as a nervine tonic. In this present work, this plant has been subjected to the pharmacognostic standardization. In the microscopical studies, some cell structures and parameters were studied and in physical evaluation the ash values, extractive values and moisture content were studied. This paper also aims to characterize the extract(s) of Z. nummularia by preliminary phytochemistry as quality control parameter.