Journal of the Pancreas Open Access

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Fascioliasis: An Exceptional Cause of Acute Pancreatitis

Miguel Echenique-Elizondo, Jose Amondarain, Carlos Liron de Robles

Context Fasciola hepatica is known to cause bile duct inflammation and biliary obstruction but is rarely reported as responsible for producing acute pancreatitis. Case report We report on a patient complaining of acute pancreatitis. Endoscopic retrograde cholangio-pancreatography showed distinct features and sphincterotomy allowed extraction of multiple parasites. Conclusions Pancreatitis may occur in some patients with fascioliasis, but the condition may be overlooked in chronic cases. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography rule out other possible causes of irregularity and thickening of the common bile duct wall. Parasite removal during endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography is one therapeutic option. Hepatic involvement must be ruled out and complete pharmacological treatment isadvised in this patient.