Quality in Primary Care Open Access

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Abstract

Factors associated with patient satisfaction with primary care in Europe: results from the EUprimecare project

Carlos Alberto Sa? nchez-Piedra, Sonia Garcı?a-Pe? rez, Antonio Sarrı?a Santamera

Background EUprimecare is a study funded by the Seventh Framework Programme of the European Union, aimed at analysing the quality of the different models of primary care in Europe. The objective of this study was to describe and analyse the determinants associated with patient satisfaction in primary care in Europe. Methods Weconducted telephone population surveys among primary care users in each EUprimecare consortium country (Germany, Spain, Estonia, Finland, Hungary, Italy and Lithuania). The survey was conducted with 3020 patients and the questionnaire included sociodemographic variables, health status, and use and satisfaction with primary care services.We undertook descriptive analyses, bivariate correlations and an ordinal regression model to study the direct relationship between levels of satisfaction and the explanatory variables for demographics, health status and health services for patients. We present the regression coefficients () with 95% confidence intervals and associated tests of statistical significance. Results The mean age of the respondents was 51 years (SD 14.1). We found significant associations between the level of satisfaction and age ( = 0.008), specialist visits ( = –0.030), not having a general practitioner ( = 0.70), not measuring weight, cholesterol and blood pressure ( = 0.52), country (1 Germany = –1.08 and 2 Lithuania = –0.60; 3 Hungary = 0.50 and 4 Italy = 0.53) and a better perception of health status ( = 0.33). Specialist visits had a negative association with satisfaction. Conclusions Overall, the results indicate factors that may be related to greater satisfaction with primary care services: age, visits to a specialist, having a doctor assigned to primary care and measurement of control parameters are associated with a better perception of the care received.