Adipose tissue is a type of connective tissue in the body whose function is to store body’s extra energy in the form of lipids. It is also regarded as endocrine organ as it produces several hormones that can regulate the function of other body organs. It is mainly acting in producing body heat and it also acts as insulator for the body.
Adipose tissue is derived from preadipocytes. Its main role is to store energy in the form of lipids, although it also cushions and insulates the body. adipose tissue can affect other organ systems of the body and may lead to disease. The two types of adipose tissue are white adipose tissue (WAT), which stores energy, and brown adipose tissue (BAT), which generates body heat. The formation of adipose tissue appears to be controlled in part by the adipose gene. In humans, adipose tissue is located beneath the skin , around internal organs, in bone marrow (yellow bone marrow), intermuscular and in the breast tissue.