Clinical Psychiatry Open Access

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Short Communication - (2023) Volume 9, Issue 1

Understanding the Psychiatric Diagnosis of Bipolar Disorders
Liren Li*
Department of Psychiatry, University of Padua, Italy
*Correspondence: Liren Li, Department of Psychiatry, University of Padua, Italy, Email:

Received: 02-Jan-2023, Manuscript No. IPCP-23-15613; Editor assigned: 04-Jan-2023, Pre QC No. IPCP-23-15613 (PQ); Reviewed: 18-Jan-2023, QC No. IPCP-23-15613; Revised: 23-Jan-2023, Manuscript No. IPCP-23-15613 (R); Published: 30-Jan-2023, DOI: 10.35841/2471-9854.23.9.005


Diagnosis is essential to identify those who are suffering and in need of treatment; immaculately it also reflects underpinning complaint processes, informs operation and predicts prognostic. Still, the absence of a pathophysiological foundation leaves psychiatrists dependent on phenomenology to make judgments. In psychiatry, these are called diseases, a term used to describe clusters or runs of symptoms; they aren’t conditions. Hence, in a manner akin to foreseeing the actuality of subsurface water by using a dowsing rod, psychiatrists sift through inspired symptoms to identify patterns that stylish serve as pointers to psychopathology [1]. The DSM opinion of bipolar complaint hinges on the circumstance of hypomania/mania and, indeed though clinically the pattern of mania is arguably more stereotypical than any other in psychiatry, its separation from normality, variants of personality and partitioning into subtypes remains both problematic and contentious.


The threats of this logical process are aptly instanced by Homer’s mythological dilemma in negotiating the Strait of Messina, which involved having to steer his boat between Scylla, a 6-headed monster, and Charybdis, a deadly vortex. Also, psychiatric opinion, in practice, generally requires precisely having to estimate contending contingencies, each of which is associated with implicit pitfalls. For illustration, a hastily arrived at opinion pitfalls trip and may lead moreover to the incorrect labelling of an individual as having a psychiatric illness, or to opinion of the wrong illness. Similar unseasonable opinion or misdiagnosis has egregious dangerous consequences, including the inception of gratuitous treatment [2]. On the other hand, not making a psychiatric opinion can affect in missing an occasion to initiate timely treatment, which might profit the case, which rather continues to suffer and moves towards a poorer outgrowth. This is the diurnal challenge that psychiatrists face; videlicet, having to precisely optimize the individual process to achieve a balance between perceptivity and particularity. In recent times, the opinion of bipolar complaint, maybe more so than any other psychiatric opinion, has brought this into sharp relief.

Remarkably, nearly half a renaissance before Christ, Hippocrates and members of his academy had described the symptoms of melancholia and attributed their origins to organic brain dysfunction. These early proponents and croakers rejected the criterion of complaint to godly or supernatural forces, but their logic wasn’t as enlightened as it may first appear because it was grounded on an inversely fantastic humoral proposition [3]. In this schema, which dominated medical thinking for numerous centuries, illness arose because of an imbalance between four humours blood, numbness, unheroic corrosiveness and black corrosiveness. These corresponded to grains, and had congruity with propositions related to colorful rudiments (air, water, fire and earth). For illustration, in humourism, mania was allowed to do because of an excess of unheroic corrosiveness (irascible disposition), whereas depression was attributed to an excess of black corrosiveness (melancholic disposition) [4].


Bipolar complaint is, by it’s veritably nature, a complex illness, incompletely because of the numerous disciplines it affects. It’s thus not surprising that it generates considerable individual uneasiness. Some of this query applies to the whole field of psychiatry, but some aspects are unique to bipolar complaint and are a consequence of how it has been defined. Psychiatric exploration worldwide relies generally on the American Psychiatric Association, within which a description of bipolar complaint only appeared fairly lately, in its third modification (American Psychiatric Association, 1980). Latterly still, subtypes similar as bipolar II complaint gained formal recognition as separate judgments in DSM-IV (American Psychiatric Association, 1994), published two decades ago.



Conflict of Interest

The author’s declared that they have no conflict of interest.


Citation: Li L (2023) Understanding the Psychiatric Diagnosis of Bipolar Disorders. Clin Psychiatry. 9:005.

Copyright: © 2023 Li L. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.