Journal of Neuro-Oncology and Neuroscience Open Access

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Editorial - (2021) Volume 6, Issue 1

Risk of Dementia: Treatment Matters

Silva A*

Department of Neurology, University of Ottawa, 75 Laurier Ave. E, Ottawa, ON K1N 6N5, Canada

*Corresponding Author:
Silva A
Department of Neurology, University of Ottawa, 75 Laurier Ave. E, Ottawa, ON K1N 6N5, Canada

Received Date: September 09, 2021; Accepted Date: September 23, 2021; Published Date: September 30, 2021

Citation: Silva A (2021) Risk of Dementia: Treatment Matters. Neurooncol Open Access Vol.6 No.1:e101.

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Dementia may be a term to describe a group of symptoms affecting memory, thinking and social abilities severely enough to interfere along with your lifestyle. It's not a selected disease, but several diseases can cause dementia.

Though dementia generally involves amnesia, cognitive state has different causes. Having cognitive state alone doesn't suggest you've got dementia, although it's often one in every of the first signs of the condition.

What is dementia?

Dementia may be a loss of mental functions that's severe enough to affect your everyday life and activities. These functions include

1. Memory

2. Language skills

3. Seeing (your ability to create sense of what you see)

4. Problem solving

5. Trouble with everyday tasks

6. The power to focus and concentrate.

It is normal to become a small amount more forgetful at your age. But dementia sin't a traditional ap art of aging, it's a significant disorder which interferes along with your lifestyle.

What are the types of dementia?

The most widely known styles of dementia are referred to as neurodegenerative issues. These are illnesses within which the cells of the mind quit working or pass away. They include:

Alzheimer's disease, which is that the most well-known sort of dementia among gone through individuals. Individuals with Alzheimer's have plaques and tangles in their mind. These are unusual form ups of varied proteins. Beta-amyloid protein clusters up and structures plaques within the middle of your synapses. Tau protein develops and frames tangles inside the nerve cells of your brain. there's additionally a deficiency of association between nerve cells within the brain.

Lewy body dementia, which causes movement symptoms together with dementia. Lewy bodies are abnormal deposits of a protein within the brain.

Who is at risk for dementia?

Certain factors can raise your risk for developing dementia, including:

1. Aging. this is often the most important risk factor for dementia.

2. Smoking.

3. Uncontrolled diabetes.

4. High pressure.

5. Drinking an excessive amount of alcohol.

6. Having close relations who have dementia.

What are the symptoms of dementia?

The symptoms of dementia can vary betting on which parts of the brain are affected. Often, forgetfulness is that the first symptom. Dementia also causes problems with the flexibility to think, problem solve, and reason. as an example, individuals with dementia may:

1. Wander off in a very familiar neighbourhood.

2. Use unusual words to consult with familiar objects.

3. Forget the name of a detailed loved one or friend.

4. Forget old memories.

5. Need help of doing tasks that they accostumed handling themselves.

Certain individuals with dementia can't handle their feelings and their emotions might change. They could become unconcerned, implying that they're presently not intrigued by ordinary day by day activities or events. They could lose their inhibitions and quit thinking often about others' feelings.

Kinds of dementia can likewise cause issues with balance and development.

The phases of dementia range from gentle to serious. within the mildest stage, it's simply getting down to influence somebody's functioning. Within the most serious stage, the individual is completely reliant upon others for care.

How is dementia diagnosed?

Your health care provider may use many tools to create a diagnosis:

1. A medical record, which incorporates asking about your symptoms

2. A physical exam

3. Tests of your thinking, memory, and language abilities

4. Other tests, like blood tests, genetic tests, and brain scans

5. A psychological state evaluation to determine whether a disorder is contributing to your symptoms

What are the treatments for dementia?

There is no solution for many forms of dementia, including Alzheimer's sickness and Lewy body dementia. Medicines might assist with maintaining with mentality longer manage behavioural symptoms and impede the symptoms of disease. They will include:

1. Medicines may briefly further develop memory and thinking or slow down their decrease. They solely add certain individuals. Other medicines can treat symptoms like anxiety, depression, sleep problems, and muscle stiffness. A number of these medicines can cause strong side effects in people with dementia. It's important to speak to your health care provider about which medicines are safe for you.

2. Physiotherapy to assist find ways to try and do everyday activities more easily.

3. Psychological state counselling to assist people with dementia and their families find out how to manage difficult emotions and behaviours. It may help them plan for the longer term.

4. Music or art therapy to scale back anxiety and improve well-being.