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Commentary - (2022) Volume 6, Issue 5

Major Functions and Usage of the Aromatic Compound
Katharina Sanderson*
Department of Chemistry, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
*Correspondence: Katharina Sanderson, Department of Chemistry, University of Copenhagen, Denmark, Email:

Received: 03-Oct-2022, Manuscript No. IPACRH-22-15170; Editor assigned: 05-Oct-2022, Pre QC No. IPACRH-22-15170 (PQ); Reviewed: 19-Oct-2022, QC No. IPACRH-22-15170; Revised: 24-Oct-2022, Manuscript No. IPACRH-22-15170 (R); Published: 31-Oct-2022, DOI: 10.21767/2572-4657.6.5.20


Any of a large number of unsaturated chemical compounds containing one or more planar atom rings connected by two different types of covalent connections is considered aromatic compounds. The unique stability of these compounds is referred to as their “Aromaticity”. Despite the fact that the word “aromatic” was first intended to describe smell, it is currently solely used to refer to substances in chemistry that have certain electrical, structural, or chemical properties. Aromaticity results from specific bonding configurations that tightly grip specific (π) electrons within a molecule. Combustion and hydrogenation temperatures that are lower than expected are frequently indicative of low reactivity and aromaticity.

After the simple and pleasant synthetic benzene, the arrangement of 6 carbon atoms in sweet-smelling compounds is called a “benzene ring,” or a “phenyl bunch” when it is a component of a larger structure. Arenes, commonly known as aromatic hydrocarbons, are aromatic organic compounds comprised completely of carbon and hydrogen. Electrophilic aromatic substitution reactions take place when an electrophile replaces an atom connected to an aromatic ring during an organic synthesis. In these reactions, the hydrogen atom of a benzene ring usually replaces an electrophile. Arenes are aromatic compounds that experience electrophilic substitution, a chemical reaction in which an electrophile takes the place of the aromatic hydrogen. Metal cross-coupling, such as the Suzuki reaction, can result in the formation of carbon-carbon bonds between two or more aromatic compounds.

Aromatic compounds, often known as “mono and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons,” are organic compounds having one or more aromatic rings. The main component of aromatic mixes is benzene. The term “aromatic” originated from a classification of molecules based on smell before the general chemical characteristics of molecules were determined. The definition as it stands excludes the odour of aromatic substances. Heteroarenes are closely related to one another because one of the heteroatoms oxygen, nitrogen, or sulfur replaces at least one carbon atom in the CH group. Examples of non-benzene compounds with sweet-smelling properties include pyridine, a heterocyclic compound with a 6-membered ring containing one nitrogen atom, and furan, a heterocyclic particle with a 5-membered ring including one oxygen molecule.

Benzene was the first chemical to be designated as an aromatic hydrocarbon. The most complicated aryl hydrocarbon is benzene, in addition. There are two carbon-carbon sigma bonds, one double bond, and one carbon-hydrogen sigma bond between each carbon in a benzene ring and a nearby carbon where the pi-electron is delocalized. A circle inside the benzene molecule’s hexagon represents this delocalization of pi electrons. The resonance structures of benzene can explain why the total order of carbon-carbon bonds in this molecule is 1.5. In most the cases, Arene-based hydrogenation processes result in saturated rings. The conversion of 1-naphthol into a mixture including different isomers of decalinol is one example of such a process. The hydrogenation of resorcinol with Raney nickel, also known as spongy nickel, and aqueous NaOH is another example of this type of reaction. If this enolate is alkylated with methyl iodide, the process still results in 2-methyl-1,3-cyclohexanedione.



Conflict Of Interest

Authors declare no conflict of interest.

Citation: Sanderson K (2022) Major Functions and Usage of the Aromatic Compound. Arch Chem Res. 6:20.

Copyright: © 2022 Sanderson K. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.