Journal of Childhood Obesity Open Access

  • ISSN: 2572-5394
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Perspective - (2023) Volume 8, Issue 4

Child Weight Loss Surgery: Understanding the Options and Considerations
Catherine Daniel*
Department of Nutrition, Brown University, United States
*Correspondence: Catherine Daniel, Department of Nutrition, Brown University, United States, Email:

Received: 01-Aug-2023, Manuscript No. ipjco-23-17781; Editor assigned: 03-Aug-2023, Pre QC No. ipjco-23-17781 (PQ); Reviewed: 17-Aug-2023, QC No. ipjco-23-17781; Revised: 22-Aug-2023, Manuscript No. ipjco-23-17781 (R); Published: 29-Aug-2023, DOI: 10.21767/2572-5394-23.8.37


Childhood obesity is a growing concern worldwide, with millions of children facing the potential health consequences of carrying excess weight. In severe cases where traditional methods of weight loss have not been effective, weight loss surgery may be considered as a last resort. However, it is essential to understand that this option comes with unique challenges and considerations when it comes to children. In this article, we will explore the types of weight loss surgery for children, the criteria for eligibility, and the important factors to consider. Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding This minimally invasive procedure involves placing an adjustable band around the upper part of the stomach, creating a small pouch. This limits the amount of food a child can consume at one time and slows down the passage of food, promoting feelings of fullness. The band can be adjusted over time to control the degree of restriction.


During this procedure, a portion of the stomach is removed, leaving a narrow sleeve-shaped stomach. This reduces the stomach’s capacity and restricts the amount of food that can be consumed. It also decreases the production of hunger-inducing hormones. RYGB involves creating a small stomach pouch and rerouting the small intestine to connect to it. This reduces the absorption of calories and nutrients from food. It is both restrictive and mal absorptive, resulting in significant weight loss. Candidates usually have a Body Mass Index (BMI) at or above the 95th percentile for their age and sex, indicating severe obesity. Children must have attempted and failed to achieve significant and sustainable weight loss through non-surgical methods, such as lifestyle changes, diet, exercise, and behavioral therapy. Adolescents should be physically and emotionally mature enough to understand the risks and responsibilities of the surgery and the necessary lifestyle changes post-surgery. A supportive family and healthcare team are crucial for successful outcomes. Families must be committed to making the necessary lifestyle changes and providing ongoing support. Weight loss surgery, like any surgical procedure, carries inherent risks and potential complications. These can include infection, bleeding, nutritional deficiencies, and complications related to anesthesia. Weight loss surgery can affect nutrient absorption, so children who undergo these procedures require ongoing monitoring and may need to take vitamin and mineral supplements. Adolescents may experience emotional and psychological challenges following surgery. It is essential to provide access to counseling and support services to help them navigate these issues. Weight loss surgery is not a quick fix but rather a tool that requires a lifelong commitment to dietary and lifestyle changes. Children and their families must be prepared for this ongoing commitment. Weight loss surgery can impact growth and development, so close monitoring of growth patterns and adjustment of nutritional strategies may be necessary. Weight loss surgery can lead to significant improvements in a child’s quality of life, including increased mobility, improved self-esteem, and reduced risk of obesity-related health problems. Children must adhere to specific dietary guidelines and incorporate regular physical activity into their routines to maximize the benefits of surgery and maintain a healthy weight.


Child weight loss surgery is a complex and controversial option for addressing severe obesity in adolescents. It should only be considered after careful evaluation and when other weight management approaches have proven ineffective. While weight loss surgery can be life-changing for some children, it is essential to weigh the potential benefits against the risks and ensure that the child and their family are fully committed to the necessary lifestyle changes. The decision to proceed with weight loss surgery should be made in consultation with a multidisciplinary team of healthcare professionals, including pediatricians, dietitians, psychologists, and surgeons.

Citation: Daniel C (2023) Child Weight Loss Surgery: Understanding the Options and Considerations. J Child Obesity. 8:37.

Copyright: © 2023 Daniel C. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.