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Opinion - (2023) Volume 5, Issue 1

Bio-Degradable Magnesium Bio-Materials
Noah Taylor*
Department of Bioengineering, Bangor University, UK
*Correspondence: Noah Taylor, Department of Bioengineering, Bangor University, UK, Email:

Received: 01-Mar-2023, Manuscript No. jbtc-23-16363; Editor assigned: 03-Mar-2023, Pre QC No. jbtc-23-16363 (PQ); Reviewed: 17-Mar-2023, QC No. jbtc-23-16363; Revised: 22-Mar-2023, Manuscript No. jbtc-23-16363 (R); Published: 29-Mar-2023, DOI: 10.35841/jbtc.23.5.10


We have witnessed significant improvements in the use of incredibly durable biomaterials over the course of several years. Numerous applications in the biomedical field, such as cardiovascular stents, outer muscle, and muscular applications, are made possible by the characteristic ability of magnesium and its combinations to corrupt without delivering harmful debasement items. Patients would no longer go through a second medical treatment and careful pain thanks to the use of biodegradable Mg biomaterials. However, the main drawbacks of these biomaterials are their high rate of consumption and unexpected degradation under physiological conditions. Since biodegradable magnesium-based inserts must exhibit controlled deterioration and meet the requirements of specific applications, various techniques, such as designing a magnesium composite and modifying the surface qualities, are used to tailor the debasement rate. In this study, several key concepts and details of magnesium debasement under physiological settings are summarised, and approaches to managing the corrupt behaviour of magnesium-based biomaterials are presented.


Metallic biomaterials have been important in medicine for a time now. In the strong particle-filled inside environment of the human body, biomaterials are expected to be biocompatible. Therefore, some experts advise using long-lasting metallic biomaterials, such as tempered steel, CoCr compounds, and Tibased combinations. These biomaterials are fantastic options for a variety of therapeutic applications due to their great resistance to erosion, strength, hardness, and break durability. However, the flexible modulus of the majority of these materials’ muscular inserts is greater than that of normal bone, which results in the pressure-safety peculiarity. Biocompatibility can also be destroyed by a few particles that are released from long-lasting biomaterials. They could either leave the body or be removed by a subsequent medical operation; similar to how certain extremely long-lasting biomaterials on the market don’t fulfil patient needs, degradable biomaterials have been developed. Degradable biomaterials now play a significant role in therapies because they give a constant rate of resorption and the optimal healing process. After providing adequate biomechanical support, resorb able biomaterials gradually degrade without leaving any deposits. They accomplish their goal of promoting the repair process before being replaced by the host tissue. By eliminating all optional activities, extra costs, and the risk of developing new side effects, the patient’s hopelessness is eliminated. As a result of the corruption cycle, the mechanical assistance declines, causing the accumulation to move from the muscular inserts to the bones and, ultimately, to plunge the risk associated with the thinning of the bones. Biodegradable metallic biomaterials offer a better solution for load-bearing applications, despite the fact that bio-resorb able polymers are a hot material in tissue design and medicine delivery.


Therefore, biodegradable metallic biomaterials are much more suitable for use in load-bearing clinical devices. Iron (Fe), zinc (Zn), and magnesium (Mg) are the three most notable biodegradable metals and essential nutrients for human health. Fe is the metal whose mechanical characteristics are most similar to those of a typical ultra-durable metallic embed, and whose debasement rate is remarkably slow. Zn has a moderate rate of corrosion, yet it has a low degree of flexibility and strength. Studies on outcomes after the implantation of Mg biomaterials demonstrate how appealing Mg’s biocompatibility is and the debasement results of Mg can cause no problem, aggravation, or unfavourably susceptible responses to the human body. Nonetheless, the high consumption rate, surprising corruption, and underlying disappointment of Mg-based biomaterials may set off embed disappointment now and again.



Conflict of Interest

The author has declared no conflict of interest.

Citation: Taylor N (2023) Bio-Degradable Magnesium Bio-Materials. Bio Eng Bio Electron. 05:10.

Copyright: © 2023 Taylor N. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.