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Opinion - (2023) Volume 5, Issue 1

Assessing the Biomechanical Properties of the Cornea In Vivo
Dan Williams*
Department of Bioengineering, University of East London, United Kingdom
*Correspondence: Dan Williams, Department of Bioengineering, University of East London, United Kingdom, Email:

Received: 31-Jan-2023, Manuscript No. jbtc-23-16030; Editor assigned: 02-Feb-2023, Pre QC No. jbtc-23-16030 (PQ); Reviewed: 16-Feb-2023, QC No. jbtc-23-16030; Revised: 21-Feb-2023, Manuscript No. jbtc-23-16030 (R); Published: 28-Feb-2023, DOI: 10.35841/jbtc.23.5.05


Originally, it was unclear how the structure and function of the cornea were related in early examinations. While some cases have shown harmonious links between the two, this isn’t always the case in colourful complaint countries. It’s pivotal to it directly assess the biomechanical parcels of the cornea to understand its condition. In vivo studies on corneal biomechanics suggest that issues like refractive surgery and ectatic corneal complaint are nearly tied to changes in biomechanical parameters. Current ways are the available to assess the mechanical parcels of the cornea in vivo, similar as the air-air system, ultrasound, optic ways, and finite element analyses. Still, a comprehensive dimension fashion that directly reflects all the mechanical characteristics of the cornea has not been developed yet. This composition aims to review the in vivo dimension ways used to assess corneal biomechanics, their advantages, and limitations, to give a comprehensive overview of the current state of specialized development and help with more precise clinical opinions.


The distribution of collagen filaments in the stroma, the thickest sub-caste of the cornea, is responsible for the mechanical characteristics of the cornea. The alignment of these internal collagen filaments determines the biomechanical parcels and, in turn, the morphology and optic parcels of the cornea. Parameters that determine corneal biomechanics can be used to assess the countries of corneal conditions. The deeper the understanding of corneal biomechanics could ameliorate the evaluation of corneal ectasia cases and exploration on treatments similar as corneal cross-linking ray refractive surgery and corneal transplantation. It could also enhance our understanding of ophthalmic conditions similar as refractive abnormalities, the goods of different corneal lacerations on the corneal structure and function, and the determination of intraocular pressure. Presently, there are different parameters used to quantify the biomechanical parcels of the cornea. The three main classical mechanical parameters used are longitudinal, shear, and Young’s moduli. Although different machines use different terms to describe corneal biomechanics, they’re all related to these three biomechanical features. This composition explains the differences between these parameters and their clinical counteraccusations. The shear modulus is frequently used to describe the severity or stiffness of a material. The Young’s modulus, on the other hand, reflects the stiffness of the material. In dynamic lading conditions, the cornea exhibits viscoelastic, which is generally described by the dynamic modulus. The “hysteresis” difference between the biomechanical of the cornea during energy storehouse and energy dispersion makes it delicate to directly measure the Young’s modulus of the cornea. Accurate dimension of corneal biomechanical parcels in vivo is essential in clinical practice.


At present, colourful instruments that operate on distinct principles are employed to assess multiple biomechanical parameters of the cornea. These styles offer the advantage of being non-invasive and have the eventuality to give more precise measures of corneal biomechanics, leading to better clinical operation of corneal conditions. Nevertheless, farther exploration is needed to establish the validity and trustability of these new ways and to determine their clinical utility in the assessment of corneal conditions.

Citation: Williams D (2023) Assessing the Biomechanical Properties of the Cornea In Vivo. BioEng BioElectron. 05:05.

Copyright: © 2023 Williams D. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.