Journal of Health Care Communications Open Access

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The Effect of Theory-driven Intervention Program on Diabetes Health Beliefs and self-efficacy among Jordanian Type 2 Diabetic Patients

Mohammad H. Abuadas*, Malakeh. Z. Malak, Zainab Albikawi

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of theory-driven intervention program on diabetes health beliefs, self-efficacy, and adherence to control practices among Jordanian type 2 diabetic patients

Methods: This was quasi-experimental interventional study in which 108 type 2 diabetic patients were recruited from one of UNRWA health centers in Zarqa city. A simple random technique was used to assign patients into two equivalent groups (intervention group and control group). Data were collected pre- and post-intervention using author-developed questionnaire based on health belief model constructs and Diabetes Management Self-Efficacy Scale (DMSES).

Results: After the intervention program, there was a significant and positive improvement in the health beliefs, self-efficacy, and self-control practices in the intervention group compared to control group

Conclusions: The results of this study showed the importance of theory driven intervention program in increasing self-efficacy, improving health beliefs and self- control practices in patients with type-2 diabetes.

Mohammad H. Abuadas Assistant Professor Community and Psychiatric Health Department Faculty of Nursing Faculty of Nursing-Khamis Mushayt King Khalid University