European Journal of Experimental Biology Open Access

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The effect of jumping rope training on static balance in male and female students with intellectual impairment

Fatemeh Fallah, Yahya Sokhanguei and Alireza Rahimi

The main purpose of this study was to examine the effect of jumping rope training on the static balance in students with intellectual impairment. 60 students 14-24 ages were used the random sampling method and students were divided into the experimental groups and the control groups. The experimental groups performed rope training for 45 minute, three days per week, for 6 weeks. The control group continued usual activities. Assessment of static balance of participants was carried out as follows using the Sharpened Romberg Test. score given to each individual was the time they could maintain a stable state with open and then with closed eyes. The test was conducted before and after the training. The paired t-test and independent t-test were used in the statistical analyses for the test results. The results of the comparison in the posttest showed that there is a significant difference only in the female group’s Romberg test performance with eyes open, between the control and experimental groups after the training course. We conclude that the jump rope workout, have specific advantage, since these exercises are of the dynamic activities, which causes vigor in the people, while strengthening the pivotal muscles.