European Journal of Experimental Biology Open Access

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The comparison of spread of athletic injuries among male and female students of Zahedan Azad University majoring physical education

Najmatolsabah Alavizadeh

The main goal of current research is to compare the spread of athletic injuries among male and female students of Zahedan Azad university majoring physical education .The statistic society included 200 male and female students majoring physical education who are studying in the first semester of 2012-2013 .Forty five female and 47 male students were chosen as sample statistics. At the beginning of first semester of 2012-2013 along with arrangement of Azad university authorities , demographic data of all students who has enrolled in physical education and were studying including age, height, weight, major, athletic background and the number of practice sessions were taken. Then, a questionnaire including two sections was designed. The first section is for determining the kind and amount of injury spread and it has 4 rows as well as 4 columns in which rows are different body parts (head and face, spine ,upper limb ,lower limb) and columns are number of injury incidents ,the reason of injury ,time of injury and kind of injury .Also, the second section of the questionnaire is for determining the causes of injuries and it contains 14 questions which has been designed in order to collect complementary and additional information related to the research targets and knowing the athlete. The questions in this section are multiple choice and they were asked to note their features of their injuries and the level of their injuries. Komologroph- Smirnov test was used for research assumption test in order to determine the normalization and ManVitni test was used to answer the assumptions. Results showed that more than 70 percent of students were damaged in practical classes. Among different types of injuries among students, the highest level of injury is for muscle injury with 46 percent and then joint injury with 41 percent. The lowest amount if for bone injury with 30 percent. The most important reasons of these injuries are not proper equipments, not suitable warm up before the practice and not proper usage of educational equipment respectively . Furthermore, among injuries to different parts of the bodies of male and female, lower limbs have received the highest level of injury. So, considering the above results, it is necessary for managers, lecturers and students to pay more attention to causes of injuries in order to implementation the principle of prevention from injuries.