Rajendra D Yeole and Sangeeta A Deshmukh
The survey on Aflatoxin Awareness And Assessment of Malkapur Taluka in Buldana District Maharashtra (India), was carried out during the year 2012-13 to create awareness among the people and assessment of it through questionnaire method. A questionnaire of fifteen different questions was prepared. In this survey study, data was collected from twelve different villages of Malkapur taluka. Total fifty questionnaires sheet were sorted village wise and pulled data information about aflatoxin awareness and assessment is done. Among the twelve villages 23 questionnaires were collected from Malkapur, 8 from Nimkhed , 4 from Narvel and Talaswada each,3 from Datala,2 from Zodaga. One questionnaire each from these six villages (Bhangura, Lonwadi, Tandulwadi, Vadaji, Vivara and Anurabad) was collected. Out of 50 individuals surveyed 4 were S.S.C.14 were H.S.C.,28 and 4 were found graduate and post graduate respectively. The individuals who have obtained other qualification were found none. In the occupation status it has been observed that14% were engaged in service, in business it was 4%, in agriculture it was16% and the people involved in other business were found 66%. In consumption of oil it was found that 64% family utilized less than 5 Kg. or 5 Kg. of oil and 36% family consumed more than 5 Kg. of oil per month.80% families are found which have 5 or less than 5 members and 20% families have more than 5 members in the family. The average consumption of oil per individual is found in between 1 to 1.5 Kg. per month. The soyabean oil is consumed by 88% and groundnut by12% only, none of the families was found using cotton or other type of oil. In adulteration of oil 80% individuals were aware and 20% were unaware about it. It is observed that 82% individuals purchased branded company oil,16% utilized local brand oil whereas 2% found using loose oil .For the reason behind using branded oil, 82% individuals replied that it is always pure and good for health while18% persons have replied for different reasons behind using branded oil .The reason behind purchasing local company oil 16% have answered, for getting it cheaper and easily available compared to that of the branded one, and 84% have replied that there are other reasons besides this to purchase local company oil. The other common reasons were found are saving money, scarcity of money, economically reasonable and poor purchasing capacity of the individuals. The information collected on the physical fitness of the people, indicates that all individuals (i .e. 100%) were found physically sound. Data collected on different types of storing appliances for groundnut indicates that among 50 individuals surveyed 6% used plastic gunny bags, 4% used plastic container, 88% used aluminium tin to store groundnut pods and only 2% used to keep it open. The data collected on awareness about aflatoxin indicates that 60% individuals were aware about the aflatoxin and 40% were found unaware about it.62% consumers were aware about the toxin, other than aflatoxin and 38% were unaware about this. The maximum effort was done to made all these surveyed individuals aware about the aflatoxin and the reasons behind producing it.