European Journal of Experimental Biology Open Access

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Relationship between somatotype and some of musculoskeletal deformities of girl students with down syndrome

Lida Dehghani,Masoumeh Hashemi,Reza Saboonchi, Ahmad Hematfar, Alireza Roonasi

This study focused on evaluation relationship between somatotype and musculoskeletal deformities of girl student with Down Syndromes in Tehran. 30 girl students with Down syndrome, were selected randomly. Spinal column deformities were measured by New York test, posture screening and lower limb deformities were measured by means of related tests. Somatotype was measured by Heath-Carter method. Measured variables included: height, weight, four skinfolds, two girth (upper arm and calf), two breadths (humerus and femur). Relationship between some of deformities with somatotype were analyzed by chi-Square test. The high magnitude of BMI and HWR were observed (30.76, 36.14). The distribution of Somatotype of subjects was Endomorph, Ectomorph and Mesomorph. Results of chi-Square test showed that there was not significant relationship between somatotype and deformities (Neck Lordosis, Torticollis, Uneven Shoulders, Scolisis, Kyphosis, Back Knee, Flat foot, Hallux valgus). While there was a significant relationship between Endomorph and Mesomorph with Lordosis, forward abdomen, Genu Varum, Genu Valgum. Somatotype in person with Down syndrome was mostly endomorph and prevalence of musculoskeletal deformities among them was high Flat foot, forward abdomen and Lumbar Lordosis.