Journal of Health Care Communications Open Access

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Prevalence of Bottle Feeding Practice and Its Associated Factors among Mothers of Infants Less than Six Months at Addis Ababa Public Health Centers, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2022

Gedifaw Birhan*, Shikur Mohammed, Sisay Tenia, Amanual Alem, Amlaku Alemante and Abebe Belyneh

Introduct on: Bottle feeding practice should be avoided due to its influence on optimal breastfeeding and its effect associated with morbidity and mortality resulting from diarrheal disease, infant and child illness, and malnutrition. This study is aimed to assess the prevalence of bottle feeding practice and its associated factors among mothers of infants less than six months in Addis Ababa.

Methods: An institution based cross-sectional study was conducted among 456 mothers who had infants less than six months in Addis Ababa public health facilities. Data were collected through interview, entered using Epi info version 7.1 and exported to statistical package for social science version 26 for analysis. Variables with p-value <0.2 in bivariable binary logistic regression analysis were entered to multivariable logistic regression analysis. Finally, variables with p-value <0.05 in multivariable logistic regression were taken as significant factor.

Results: The overall prevalence of bottle feeding practice in this study was 39%. Being male infant (AOR=0.589; 95% CI: 0.381, 0.911), infant hospitalization (AOR=2.114; 95% CI 1.246, 3.588), cesarean section delivery (AOR=2.817; 95% CI: 1.764, 4.496), late initiation of breastfeeding (AOR=5.526; 95% CI: 3.121, 9.786) and not having information on breast feeding (AOR=4.13; 95% CI 2.21, 7.73) were statistically significant factors associated with bottle feeding practice.

Conclusion: The magnitude of bottle feeding practice is high in Addis Ababa. Being male infants, infants hospitalized, cesarean section delivery, late initiation of breastfeeding and not having information on breast feeding were significant factors for bottle feeding practice. Greater efforts to promote breastfeeding should be targeted towards women with sub-optimal breastfeed.

Published Date: 2024-03-12; Received Date: 2023-06-29