European Journal of Experimental Biology Open Access

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Prevalence and causes of postural deformities in upper and lower extremities among 9-18 years old school female in Golestan province

Dadban Minoo, Bai Nasser and Sheikh Mahmood

This study is a descriptive cross-sectional study, and its purpose is to determine the prevalence of spinal deformity, knees and feet among all the girl students (18-9 years) in Golestan province. This research is based on a multistage cluster sampling method and was based on Morgan Table (N=400). In this research, data was collected by using questionnaires, New York tests with using vertical lines, Posture Screen, calipers, meters and scals for assessing students' deformities. Descriptive and inferential statistical analysis was used to test the hypotheses. The SPSS software was used for statistical calculations. The results showed that, there is a Meaningful relationship between weight and lordosis, kyphosis and how to do the homework, between scoliosis and how to sit on the bench, the shoulders drop and carrying bag and books, as well as between hallux valgus and Wearing Narrow-toed shoes and high heels. Also, there were no observed Meaningful relationships between the height and the heads up, and the genu varum and how to sit in the students. The significant relationship between certain disorders and indicates addictions have show the poor awareness of students correct body position while reading, doing homework, sitting and wearing uncomfortable shoes and carrying objects is incorrect. Thus, according to most experts and teachers of physical education in schools to increase students ' awareness and identifying faulty postural and corrective actions necessary to appear.