European Journal of Experimental Biology Open Access

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Physiological and pharmaceutical effects of Ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe)as a valuable medicinal plant

Jalal Bayati Zadeh1 and Nasroallah Moradi Kor

Ginger has been used by traditional Chinese and Indian medicine for over 25 centuries. Fresh ginger contains 80.9% moisture, 2.3% protein, 0.9% fat, 1.2% minerals, 2.4% fibre and 12.3% carbohydrates. The active components of ginger is reported to stimulate digestion, absorption, relieve constipation and flatulence by increasing muscular activity in the digestive. In traditional Chinese medicine, ginger is used to improve the flow of body fluids. It stimulates blood circulation throughout the body by powerful stimulatory effect on the heart muscle and by diluting blood. The effect of an aqueous extract of ginger on platelet thromboxane-B2 and prostaglandin-E2 (PGE2) production was examined after giving rats a raw aqueous extract of ginger daily for a period of 4 weeks, either orally or intraperitoneally.