The phthalate replacement trend the globe began when the European Union put a ban on Dioctyl Phthalate (DOP) and other. This trend will continue as environmental and sustainability concerns increase. These polymers, made from renewable sourced (plant based) raw material, as bio based development plasticizers to gain some functionality. At the same time, the biodiesel sector produces an excess glycerol, prompting scientists to look for new uses for this material. The main goal is to create a non-phthalate plasticizer for Poly Vinyl Chloride (PVC) utilizing crude glycol from the biodiesel process, corn Starch (S), sunflower oil, Citric acid (C) and Benzoic acid (B). Glycerol diacetomonolaurate plasticizer will be developed utilizing glycerol from the biodiesel process. Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) will be used to examine the plasticizer production, universal testing equipment will be used to determine the mechanical properties of the plasticizer PVC compound, Thermal Gravimetric Analysis (TGA) and the experimental values will be compared with phthalate plasticizer PVC compound. The plasticizing performances of the sample of non-phthalate contain SCB rivaled that of (DOP) phthalate, from this study suggesting that they have the potential to replace phthalate in soft PVC materials.
Published Date: 2023-03-01; Received Date: 2022-11-26