Journal of Drug Abuse Open Access

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Abstract

New Mexico Naloxone Legislation: Targeting those Most in Need

Jacqueline A Katzman, Snehal Bhatt, Katie Duensing, Damon Martinez and Robin Swift

Background:
  Drug  overdose  deaths  due  to  heroin  and prescription opioids are a public health crisis in the United States (US) and throughout much of the world. New Mexico
(NM) has led the US for many years in opioid overdose deaths. Naloxone is the most  effective harm reduction toolto reduce overdose deaths.
Methods:
  New  Mexico  House  Bill  370  (2017)  was strategically  drafted to target the populations most able to
utilize naloxone and reduce opioid overdose deaths:
1) The patientsand social contacts at opioid treatment programs (OTP).
2) All law enforcement officers.
3) Inmates just released from all correctional facilities with a history of opioid use disorder.NM House Bill 370 requires two doses of naloxone, opioid overdose
education,and a prescription to be given to all patientsat  any  NM  federally qualified OTP  and  for  all inmates upon release from correctional facilities.
 All New Mexico law enforcement officials must carry two doses ofnaloxone as well.
Results:
  New  Mexico  House  Bill  370  (2017)  passed unanimously in both the NM State House and Senate, and became effective July 1, 2017.
Conclusion:
  Targeted  naloxone legislation,such  as  NM House Bill 370, may help to curb the epidemic of drugoverdose deaths.