European Journal of Experimental Biology Open Access

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McClelland�?¢�?�?��?�?�s motivational needs: A case study of physical education teachers in West Azarbaijan

Mojtaba Raeisi, Navid Hadadi, Rasoul Faraji, Mir Hamid Salehian

The purpose of this study WAs a survey motivational needs the physical education (P.E.) teachers based on McClelland’s theory in west Azerbaijan. Data were collected by research designed 11-item Junker’s questionnaire which measures motivational needs based on McClelland’s trichotomy of needs (need for achievement, power and affiliation). It was possible to mark only one section in each item. The external validity was verified by the experts and professors also its reliability was calculated in a pilot study (α=0.90). 241 subjects (165 males and 76 females) were randomly selected (based on Morgan table output for 640 people). The data was analyzed by the Chi-Square test at 0.05 significance level. Research results indicated that the need for achievement, affiliation and power were respectively in the teachers motivational priorities (p=0.05). However the order of the motivational priorities was not different in between two sexes. Consequently, it is proposed that the administrative authorities and Organizations in responsible should implement appropriate strategies to support P. E. teachers’ needs according to their motivators, exclusively for their need for achievement to create conditions to increase advantages their satisfaction and motivation.