British Journal of Research Open Access

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Immunogenetic Mechanisms of Black Water Fever: Review Article

Joseph M. Bodi, Célestin N. Nsibu, Kenji Hirayama

The authors systematically reviewed the literature on mechanisms of Black Water Fever ‘BWF) on immunology and genetics point of view to determine whether immunity and genetics are involved in the occurrence of Acute Intravascular haemolysis in malaria, leading to BWF.. All original reports of BWF were retrieved from Embase, Medline from 1935 to December 2018. Information extracted from each article included study design, definitions of BWF, pathogeny and risk factors of the disease. Descriptive, Prospective cohort, cross sectional, and case-control studies were assessed. Malaria IgG1 antibodies were measured. MBL2 gene were amplified and sequenced. BWF was associated to high level of malaria IgG1 antibodies.