Quality in Primary Care Open Access

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Abstract

Exploring representations and experiences of case-management users: towards difficulties and solutions to leading qualitative interviews with older people with complex living conditions

Frederic Balard, Stephanie Pin Le Corre, Hele` ne Trouve, Olivier Saint-Jean, Dominique Somme

BackgroundBy matching needs to resource services, case management could be a useful tool for improving the care of older people with complex living conditions. Collecting and analysing the users’ experiences represents a good way to evaluate the effectiveness and efficiency of a case-management service. However, in the literature, fieldwork is very rarely considered and the users included in qualitative research seem to be the most accessible. AimThis study was undertaken to describe the challenges of conducting qualitative research with older people with complex living conditions in order to understand their experiences with casemanagement services. MethodsReflective analysis was applied to describe the process of recruiting and interviewing older people with complex living conditions in private homes, describing the protocol with respect to fieldwork chronology. The practical difficulties inherent in this type of study are addressed, particularly in terms of defining a sample, the procedure for contacting the users and conducting the interview. The users are people who suffer from a loss of autonomy because of ognitive impairment, severe disease and/or psychiatric or social problems. Notably, most of them refuse care and assistance. ResultsReflective analysis of our protocol showed that the methodology and difficulties encountered constituted the first phase of data analysis. ConclusionUnderstanding the experience of users of case management to analyse the outcomes of case-management services requires a clear methodology for the fieldwork.