Journal of Animal Sciences and Livestock Production Open Access

  • ISSN: 2577-0594
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Evaluation of the Level of Internal and External Biosecurity Measures Adopted in Closed System Broiler Farms in Khartoum State, Sudan

Mona Ahmed Babiker Ahmed, Atif Elamin Abdelgadir, and Hayfa Mohammed Ismail

This study was conducted to evaluate the level of biosecurity measures prerequisites adopted in closed system broiler farms in Khartoum State, Sudan. Data were collected using questionnaire from January to September, 2018 from 12 closed system broiler farms according to non-probability multistage cluster sampling method (localities, farms, respondents) in Khartoum, Khartoum North (Bahri), and Omdurman localities (4 farms for each). Results of external biosecurity evaluation in farms revealed low compliance regarding location of the farm, purchasing of one day old chicks 50% (n=6), waste and dead birds removal and sick birds isolation, depopulation of houses and demarcation between clean and dirty areas 58.3% (n=7), as well as annual water source microbial testing 66.7% (n=8), and vermin control 08.3% (n=1). Internal biosecurity evaluation confirmed high application 100% (n=12) of some disease preventive measures (vaccination protocol, regular check of disease status, sick and dead birds check). However, rearing different age categories at 58.3% (n=7) and low level of practicing efficacy check of cleaning and disinfection at 33.3% (n=4) were mostly shown. It was clearly observed that biosecurity measures were more frequently enforced for farm visitors compared to farm personnel. In conclusion, effective adoption biosecurity measures in broiler farms in Khartoum State have not been given serious attention. Therefore, formulation of suitable procedures and regulations by official authorities for implementing biosecurity measures are needed.