European Journal of Experimental Biology Open Access

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Evaluation of phytochemical compounds and antimicrobial activity of leaves and fruits Tribulus terrestris

Mukul Sharma, Avneesh Kumar, Babita Sharma, Akshita and Naina Dwivedi

Antimicrobial activity of methanolic and aqueous extracts from fruits and leaves of Tribulus terrestris were examined against seven pathogenic bacteria Staphylococcus Escherichia coli, Proteus vulgaris, Klebsiella pneumoniae, aureus, Staphylococcus saprophyticus, Enterococcus faecalis and Enterobacter cloacae using disc diffusion method. Extracts from the leaves and fruits of the plant showed antimicrobial activity against most tested microorganisms. The most active extract was methanolic extract from the fruits against P. vulgaris. Minimum inhibitory concentration for aqueous and methanolic extracts of leaves ranged from 15.0–60.0 mg/ ml and 5.0–20.0 mg/ml and aqueous and methanolic extracts of fruits ranged from 10.0–40.0 mg/ ml and 5.0–15.0 mg/ml respectively Phytochemical analysis was showed the presence of flavonoids, alkaloids, saponins, tannins and carbohydrates.