Journal of Infectious Diseases and Treatment Open Access

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Determination of the prevalence of childhood allergic conjunctivitis in eight elementary schools in the Southern Cone of Lima, Peru

Carlos Carrión Ojeda

Statement of the Problem: In Perú are seven millón children and in Lima with a population of almost three million children it has been not reported until now child allergy prevalence studies. The purpose of this study: To determine current epidemiological characteristics of children’s eye allergy in te poor elementary students in South cone of Lima. Methodology & Theoretical Orientation: We took significant sample to students from eight primary schools in three districts in the South of Lima, with 120,000 children. A cross-sectional and observational study was made, assessed and considered, on-site at each school 2,011 elementary students. For the calculation of samples we use Excel 2003 and for analysis we use SPSS 15.0. Findings: With an increase in the frequency of eye allergy that increases with age. Eye allergy is more correlated with the blepharitis and the chalazion. Conclusion & Significance: The prevalence of eye allergy 16.3% is moderate in the primary school population of Lima South, the eye allergy behavior is rising as advances school age (Y = 0.0305 X=0.0638); It could be related to a longer exposure to allergens, as well as the lifestyle of the teenage pre peculiarities. Recommendations: To do studies on the association of allergic conjunctivitis and other eye diseases such as ametropy and chalazion, the association of allergic conjunctivitis and lens use, as well as school dropout for this pathology.