Diversity & Equality in Health and Care Open Access

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Chronic Disease Self-Management Digital Interventions: A Review and Recommendations for Future Design and Development of Patient Self- Management Interventions

Nida Afzal*

Title: Chronic disease self-management digital interventions: A review and recommendations for future design and development of patient self-management interventions

Methods: A literature review is carried out in Google scholar, PubMed and Scopus databases to summarize the information on chronic disease self-management interventions, their impact on health outcomes, and reasons for patient non adoption of such interventions.

Keywords: Chronic disease, Self-management, Interventions, Digital interventions, Applications, User centered, health outcome

Background: User centered designs of chronic disease self-management interventions is a pre requisite for successful adoption and utilization of such interventions. Social, cultural, ethical factors and user group expectations from such applications should be taken into account to utilize maximum potential of digital health interventions. There is evidence to suggest that applications that are tailored to the individual, participatory, personally relevant, and contextually situated are more likely to promote behavior change. Such user-centered interventions will ensure greater patient adoption and utilization to optimize their full potential.

Conclusions: The review will discuss the potential of chronic disease self-management interventions on health outcomes. It has implications for future designs and it gives suggestions for patient centered portal designs to ensure patient engagement and utilization of maximum potential of chronic disease self-management interventions.

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