Journal of Health Care Communications Open Access

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Affecting Factors of Stunting Incidences among Children Aged 12-59 Months in West Nusa Tenggara Province Indonesia

Ya-Wen Huang

Introduction: Stunting is a state body that very short to exceed the deficit two Standard Deviation (SD) under the median length or high body of the population that shown indicator of welfare condition, education and income level of community. In the whole world, one of four children under the age of five years had experienced stunted growth. Stunting may have a permanent effect on children’s development growth, such as disturbance in motoric capability.

Purpose: To figure out the correlations between antenatal care visits and stunting incidences amongs children aged 12-59 months in North Lombok Regency, West Nusa Tenggara Province Indonesia in year of 2016, by involving extraneous variables such as the age of mother during pregnancy and the family income level.

Methods: This research was a case control study design by using a retrospective data. The respondents of this research were 128 children aged 12-59 months (ratio of case group and control group was 1:1. The Schlessman and Stolle calculation was conducted to determine of the sample size of each groups. The univariate, bivariate, and multivariate analysis with level p<0.05 and OR 95% were conducted as statistical data analysis.

Results: There was a correlation between ANC (Antenatal Care) visits and the incidence of stunting among children aged 12-59 months by involving extraneous variables such as the age of the mother during pregnancy, family income level, birth weight and body length (OR 2.13 (95% CI: 1,012-4,494)).

Conclusion: Antenatal Care visits by involving extraneous variables such as the age of the mother during pregnancy and family income level have strong correlation with stunting incidences.