European Journal of Experimental Biology Open Access

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A comparison of the effectiveness of game-based and traditional teaching on learning and retention of first grade math concepts

Farid Bahrami, Zahra Rahimi Chegini, Asghar kianzadeh, Farshad Emami, Hasan Abdi

The purpose of the present research was to compare the effectiveness of game-based and traditional teaching in learning and retention of first grade math concepts. The population of the research consisted of all the female students of Khorramabad Province. The participants were selected using cluster sampling and were randomly divided into an experimental and a control group (31 participants in each group). The participants in the experimental group were taught according to game-based teaching and the participants in the control group underwent traditional teaching. The learning test and the retention test were conducted one week and three weeks after teaching each method. Data description was done using mean and standard deviation and data comparison was done using independent t-test and effect size (ES). The results showed that the experimental group had higher scores in learning tests (except for the concept of correspondence)and retention tests (concepts of left and right, correspondence, equality, less than and greater thansigns, and addition and subtraction) ( ≤ 0.05). It can thus be concluded that using educational games in teaching of first grade math concepts can be remarkably helpful and efficient.